|Discuss the pathological alterations following pulmonary embolism.|
|Explain how multiple sources of oxygen supply to the lung prevent pulmonary infarction in most patients sustaining a PE.|
|Discuss the use of prophylactic measures for thromboembolism.|
|List the pharmacological treatment of PE and the associated nursing implications.|
|List the diagnostic tests used in the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism.|
|Explain the three pathological factors leading to increased airways resistance during an acute severe asthma attack.|
|Discuss the assessment parameters that are relevant during an attack of acute severe asthma.|
|Explain the pharmacological treatment of acute severe asthma.|
|List the most common causes of COPD exacerbation.|
|List the goals of management of a COPD exacerbation.|
Discuss the role of BiPAP in managing COPD exacerbation.
|List the three types of bronchodilators used during COPD exacerbation.|
|Discuss the clinical effects of the Beta 2 agonists when used for COPD exacerbation.