Clinical Scenarios in
Mechanical Ventilation

Up Schedule Objectives Faculty


OBJECTIVES

Clinical scenarios will be used to provide the participant an opportunity to meet the following objectives:

Describe the process for administering and monitoring adequate volume resuscitation in a surgical or trauma patient.

Utilize appropriate monitoring parameters to minimize ventilator-induced lung injury in the ARDS patient.

Explain the physiologic rationale for the use of airway pressure release ventilation in the hypoxemic patient.

Discuss manipulation of ventilator settings in BiLevelTM ventilation.

State two ventilator changes that can increase minute ventilation during APRV.

Explain the benefits of allowing spontaneous breathing in the critically ill hypoxemic patient.

Identify end-expiration on the pulmonary capillary wedge pressure tracing for patients on a variety of ventilator modes.

Describe the rationale for using high PEEP levels in the patient with abdominal compartment syndrome.

Suggest appropriate ventilator changes based on interpretation of arterial blood gas reports.

Identify auto-PEEP by analyzing a ventilator flow waveform.

Identify abnormalities on the arterial line waveform consistent with hypovolemia.

Outline steps to maximize patient-ventilator interaction during non-invasive ventilation.

Explain the mechanism by which positive pressure ventilation decreases left ventricular afterload in the patient with heart failure.

 

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